How to Plan a Fabric Lab

As a textile manufacturing enterprise, you are certainly aware of the importance of a textile fabric laboratory as a crucial facility. A textile fabric laboratory is a supportive component for both preliminary design and production control of products. How do you design and plan a textile laboratory? DaRong, a laboratory supplier, will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the process.

Constant temperature and humidity in a textile laboratory are vital

Here is Why!

  • Textiles absorb water and high humidity can cause fiber icing, damaging the structure.
  • Unstable temperature and humidity promote the secretion of corrosive substances by microbes in textiles, causing discoloration, yellowing, and material damage.
  • Atmospheric harmful gases can lead to fabric color fading or changing.
  • Dust with sharp hard particles combined with moisture, settling on items, can induce bacterial and fungal growth, harming textiles.
  • A stable environment is crucial for electronic components, preventing static electricity-related issues and ensuring measurement accuracy.
  • Temperature and humidity fluctuations can produce water molecules, interfering with some test results, such as static and drying tests, leading to inaccuracies.

A constant temperature and humidity laboratory is an environment created using specialized equipment and techniques to meet specific humidity and standard atmospheric conditions for experiments. Due to the high cost of building such a laboratory, it’s not feasible for every enterprise. If investing in such a facility is not currently planned but there’s a need for a constant temperature and humidity environment, considering Da Rong’s Constant Temperature and Humidity Chamber YG(B)751DG could be an alternative.

Let’s explore the laboratory layout features!

Fabric Laboratory Room

Buffer and Air Conditioning Rooms normally use composite flooring for cost efficiency and aesthetics.

Three Distinct Areas of A Textile Testing Lab

Buffer Room: Serves as a transitional area to stabilize temperature and humidity.
Air Conditioning Room: Isolates the noise from the air conditioning units and ensures air circulation.
Constant Temperature and Humidity Room: The door should be managed carefully to minimize temperature and humidity fluctuations.

Environmental Settings for Textile Labs:

Temperature: Set at 20±1℃.
Relative Humidity: Maintained at 65%±2%.
Air Circulation: 15-30 cycles per hour.
Noise Level: Below 55 decibels, supplemented with fresh air.

Textile Lab Office Room

Your textile lab office should have floor tiles, walls with latex paint, and a micro-perforated aluminum ceiling. These are standard for most rooms. Power outlets should be thoughtfully placed for computers, water dispensers, air conditioning, telephones, and computers. Offices generally require filing cabinets. If possible, consider adding plants and a sofa for a more comfortable environment.

Reference Room

The reference room is generally used for consulting materials and is equipped with sample cabinets. The flooring should be ordinary ceramic tiles, the walls painted with latex paint, and the ceiling made of micro-perforated aluminum panels.

Textile Test Preparation Room

The preparation room is a relatively simple space primarily used for pre-work preparations. It’s usually spacious to accommodate garment carts and experiment tables. The flooring is typically PVC, or low-budget anti-slip ceramic tiles. The ceiling consists of micro-perforated aluminum panels. Walls can be either color steel plates with built-in rock wool for high fire resistance or painted with latex paint. Both options have similar costs, but color steel plates are more durable.

Textile Washing Room

The washing room typically features anti-slip ceramic tiles on the floor and latex paint on the walls. It’s important to pre-arrange water inlet and drainage to ensure no water accumulation in the room. Washing machines, which usually have high power requirements, need dedicated power sources.

Textile Test Exposure Room

The sun exposure room is relatively simple and cost-effective. It typically has anti-slip ceramic tiles on the floor, a micro-perforated aluminum ceiling, and latex paint on the walls. The room is equipped with a sun-exposure instrument that simulates sunlight. Proper ventilation is required for the sun exposure instrument, so exhaust planning is necessary during construction. Additionally, clothing racks should be arranged in advance for hanging garments.

Textile Test Physical Room: 

This room should have ample space for various physical testing equipment for textiles. Use anti-slip ceramic tiles and latex paint for walls. Choose a room with good ventilation and ample light. Have enough cabinets for auxiliary tools and equipment used in physical testing.

Textile Sample Hanging Dry Room: 

Floor with anti-slip ceramic tiles, ceiling with micro-perforated aluminum, and walls with latex paint. Generally, it’s equipped with clothing racks. If using drying ovens, consider the power requirements.

Dark Room: 

Ideally windowless, with dark latex paint on the walls and a dark ceiling. It usually houses a standard light source box on the experimental table.

Summary: 

Each area is tailored to ensure optimal testing conditions and workflow efficiency in the textile laboratory. Regardless of your budget, please contact Da Rong for free planning of the most suitable solution for your enterprise. Trust DaRong, an expert specializing in the equipment of lab for the past 36 years!

Textile Lab Layout

FAQ

Q: Before designing a laboratory, is it necessary to first choose the laboratory instruments?

A: Yes, because the choice of instruments directly affects the layout of the laboratory. Making good estimates in the design phase prevents issues caused by a lack of foresight in the later stages.

Q: Are there key aspects of textile laboratory design?

A: The key aspects of textile laboratory design include seven main points:

  • Laboratory layout design
  • Ventilation system design
  • Instrument placement design
  • Electrical engineering design
  • Water supply and drainage design
  • Air conditioning system design
  • Gas pipeline design
  • Laboratory equipment configuration
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